52. 1934: Italian Fascist Headquarters
In 1934, Benito Mussolini was in power in Italy. His National Fascist Party was formed in 1919 and gained popularity for its opposition of all forms of class war. In 1922, he and his Blackshirts marched on Rome and took power from King Victor Emmanuel III. From 1926 to 1927, Mussolini pretty much dismantled the democracy within Italy, and declared himself ‘head of the government’. He was in power until his dismissal and arrest in 1943. He escaped prison for a time but in 1945, on trying to flee Italy for Spain, he was caught and shot for his part in WWII in which he colluded with Hitler.
51. 1961: Freedom Riders
In 1961, the CORE director James Farmer and 12 others (7 black and 6 white), decided to ride an interstate bus from Washington D.C. to New Orleans. They were attempting to defy southern states who were ignoring the Supreme Court decision that segregated buses were unconstitutional. The violence the non-violent movement incited brought more and more attention to the civil rights movement. The riders were beaten, some almost to death, by white supremacists in the South.