36. 1930s: Baby Cages
In the 1930s, cities were dirty and dark. People could not generally afford garden space, and to ensure their children got the fresh air they needed, baby cages were installed in apartment buildings. They needed sunlight and clean air, which they weren’t going to get inside their cramped apartments. We don’t think this would pass safety standards today, but at the time it was the only choice they had.
35. 1895: A Young Winston Churchill
He became one of the most important and influential political leaders in British and European history, but in 1895, he was just a 19-year-old young man. Churchill never proved himself to be a gifted student, and apparently suffered from a stutter for most of his life. Pictured here the same year his father had died, Churchill was in military uniform – he had graduated the Royal Military College in Sandhurst the year before, 8th out of a 150 student class. He would travel to Cuba this year to observe the Cuban War of Independence, and write about the conflict between the Spanish and the Cuban guerillas. He would later go on to become the Prime Minister of England, and be instrumental in the Allied win of WWII.