88. 1914: The Ludlow Massacre
The Colorado Coal Strike lasted from September 1913 until December 1914. The strike, between the UMWA and the 3 largest mining companies in Colorado, demanded better payment, the enforcement of the 8-hour day, and the enforcement of mining safety laws. On beginning the strike, strikers were evicted from their company-owned homes and moved to tent villages. On April 20th, there was gunfighting throughout the day. 44 women and 11 children hid from the fighting under a tent, which was subsequently set alight. 2 of the women and all of the children suffocated to death.
87. 1932 – 1972: Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment
The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment was a clinical study carried out for 40 years by the US Public Health Service. It was devised to see the natural progression of syphilis. 600 impoverished black men were offered free medical care, meals, and free burial insurance to take part in the study. Of these 600, 399 had already contracted syphilis, 201 had not. The infected men were not told they had syphilis, just that they were being treated for ‘bad blood’. Funding soon dried up for the study, and the men were not informed that there would not be enough money to treat them. The experiment led to the death of numerous men, the infection of 40 wives, and the birth of 19 children with congenital syphilis. The unethical background of the experiment led to new laws being introduced for clinical studies, including total consent, and transparency in test results.